The following information will assist you to get ready for a trek
in Nepal. Nepal treks allow you to experience the Himalayan
countryside and to meet the people of the hills with a minimum of
formality and preparation. If you follow the suggestions here, you
will have all the equipment and permits you need to enjoy your trek.
Read this information carefully so that you will know what to expect
when you arrive in Nepal.
If you are not joining a group trek,
you will not have a professional trek leader. If there are more than
3 or 4 people in your party, one of you should assume an informal
leadership position to act as spokesman for the group both in
Kathmandu and on the trail.
There are many preparations that you
can make before you depart for Nepal. Most important are your
clothing and trekking equipment, medical supplies, your passport and
a visa for Nepal. While some of these projects can be postponed
until the last minute (by getting a visa at the airport in Kathmandu
or renting your trekking equipment in Nepal, for example), it is
recommended that you make most preparations in advance so that you
do not waste time during your holiday satisfying bureaucratic
formalities or searching for some item of equipment that is
temporarily unavailable for rent in Kathmandu.
Visa for Nepal
You can obtain a visa
before you come to Nepal or upon arrival in Kathmandu. You need only
to fill in a form and pay a fee (in US dollars cash only), but it
takes a bit of time at the airport after you arrive. To obtain a
visa for Nepal in advance, write to one of the addresses below for
instructions and a form. Fill in the form and return it with the
appropriate fee, photos and your passport. If you are making a side
trip to India or Tibet and then returning to Nepal, be sure to get a
double entry visa. Your passport with a visa stamped in it should be
returned to you by mail.
The visa regulations for Nepal are a
bit complex. You need to decide what kind of visa to purchase
depending on how long you plan to stay in Nepal. Visa fees are:
60-day single-entry: US$30
60-day double-entry: US$55 (useful
if you are making a side trip to Bhutan or Tibet).
60-day multiple-entry: US$90
have already visited Nepal within 150 days of the same visa year you
must pay US$50 for 30 days.
Visa extensions cost US $1 for each
day beyond the expiration date of the original entry visa.
Nepalese Embassies and
Royal Nepalese Embassy 2131 Leroy Place N.W.
Washington DC 20008 USA Tel: (202)667-4550
of Nepal to the United Nations 820 Second Avenue, Suite 202 New York
NY 10017 USA Tel: (212)370-4188
Royal Nepalese Embassy 12A
Kensington Palace Gardens London W8 4QU England Tel:
Royal Nepalese Embassy 14-9, Todoroki,
7-chome Setagaya-ku Tokyo 158, Japan Tel: (03)705-5558
Nepalese Embassy IM Hag 15 D-5300 Bonn 2 West Germany Tel:
Royal Nepalese Embassy 45 bis rue des Acacias
75017 Paris France Tel: 46224867
items that you should carry are:
Your passport and extra
A vaccination certificate and record of medical
Your insurance form (especially insure your camera)
Travellers cheques (carry a minimum of cash)
bill to be used for emergencies while trekking
A photocopy of
your passport (in case of loss)
Trekking permits are no
longer required for treks to the Everest region, Annapurna and
A trekking permit is still required to visit
restricted areas and far eastern and western Nepal. The permit
specifies the places you may visit and the duration of your trek. It
requires one full day to obtain a trekking permit and involves a lot
of queuing and waiting in the Immigration Office unless your agent
obtains the permit for you. The cost of the trekking permit is
usually included in the trek cost. If you are going to a place where
a permit is needed, your travel schedule should include two nights
in Kathmandu or Pokhara before the trek so that your trekking permit
may be processed. You should keep your passport and air ticket in
your hotel safe in Kathmandu during your trek.
A normal trekking
permit costs US$5 per week for the first four weeks of trekking and
US$10 per week thereafter. Permits for Dolpo and Kanchenjunga treks
cost US$10 per week for the first four weeks and US$20 per week
thereafter. The exorbitant fees for restricted-area trekking permits
are detailed in the section on restricted areas. You must have a
valid visa extension for the full period of trekking before you can
apply for a trekking permit.
National Park & Conservation
If you trek in the Annapurna, Makalu or Kanchenjunga
regions, you will enter a Conservation Area and must pay a
conservation fee of Rs 1000 (Rs 2000 for Annapurna). This must be
paid in advance in Kathmandu. A national park fee of Rs 1000 is also
collected at the time you enter a national park.
The better your physical condition, the more you
will enjoy the trek. You do not have to undergo a rigorous training
programme. Just do as much walking as you can up and down hills, up
(and down) stairs in your office. Take weekend hikes in the
mountains. Walk to work. Jogging and cycling are useful training for
a trek. Whenever possible, make your hikes in the same shoes that
you will use for the trek. You must remember that you are going on a
hiking trip among the highest mountains on earth. The hills are
steep and you may be travelling in hot weather, in snow or in rain.
You will often be tired, and you must be prepared for this. However,
anyone in good health can complete a trek if you hike slowly, and
spend a little effort now to get into good physical
Your trek outfitter will normally provide two
person waterproof tents, foam mattresses, and all cooking and eating
utensils. You will need your own warm clothing, walking shoes,
sleeping bag and personal equipment. During the day you will carry
your camera, jacket, and water bottle in a rucksack. The rest of
your equipment, including your sleeping bag, will be carried by
All hiking will be on trails. You will not need any
climbing equipment such as ropes, ice axe, or crampons at any time
during the trek. The equipment check list that follows details the
equipment you will need for your trek. Most of these items are
available for rent or sale in Kathmandu, but all trekking equipment
in Nepal is either used equipment that was sold by other trekkers or
mountaineering expeditions or locally made reproductions of
internationally known brands. The local rucksacks, duffel bags and
rain ponchos are inexpensive and will usually stand up to the rigors
of a trek or two. Don't be fooled into thinking that you are getting
a brand name item, however; most new looking rucksacks available in
the bazaar are made in Nepal from imported Korean nylon.
Kathmandu casual clothes are the rule, unless you get invited to a
formal Nepal government or embassy reception.
Equipment Check List
Jeans or slacks
Towel and toilet kit
Gloves or mittens
Sleeping bag, warm to 20 degrees F, either down or fibrefill
(or you can rent one in Kathmandu)
Parka, down or fibrefill; a
ski jacket is ok
Sweater, wool shirt or acrylic pile jacket.
Duffel bag, canvas or nylon, without a frame (for porters to
Daypack or rucksack, waterproof, for you to carry
Water bottle 1 litre or 1 quart; be sure that it does not leak.
Flashlight or headlamp
Walking shoes: either boots,
light hiking or running shoes, well broken in. As there may be rain,
mud or snow; boots are sometimes necessary therefore you should
bring them despite the extra hassle. Many times the entire trek can
be done in tennis shoes, but if there is snow, you run the risk of
frostbite, or at least cold feet if you do not have boots. If your
feet are small (size 10 or less), you can rent boots in Kathmandu.
Hats, one with a brim for sun; one wool for cold weather.
Sunglasses or goggles - very important for travel above 12,000
feet. Absolutely essential for Everest treks, optional for Annapurna
treks (though they may be necessary in December and January when
there is snow).
Shorts - it may be warm during the day,
especially near Pokhara. You will probably not wear shorts on
Everest treks. Women should wear skirts instead of shorts.
Socks - two or three pairs thick wool or artificial fibre.
Shirts - three are recommended: two T shirts and one long sleeve
Pocket knife (Be sure this is packed in your checked
baggage to avoid hassles with airport security).
Rainwear - a
poncho; or you can buy an Indian umbrella in Kathmandu for about $2.
Slippers or sandals for campsite wear. Rubber "shower shoes"
are available in Kathmandu for about $1
This list is suitable
for most 8 to 10 day treks. Although you can wash clothes during the
trek, you may need extra socks and shirts etc. for longer treks. If
your trek goes above 3500 metres (about 12,000 feet) for more than
one day you should pay particular attention to warm clothing. If you
are trekking to higher elevations or during the cold season you
should carry both a pile jacket and a down or fibrefill parka.
An altimeter is an interesting addition to your gear. The weight
limit on treks and domestic flights is 15 kg (33 pounds); please
make an effort to keep your baggage within this weight
On most treks, you will always be within a
few days of medical help. If you are on a group trek, the leader
should have the medical knowledge necessary to deal with emergencies
and evacuation. If you are on your own, you will have to shoulder
most of the responsibility for medical problems yourself. The
sherpas who will accompany you are not doctors, nor are they first
aid practitioners. It is essential that you bring your own first aid
kit and be prepared to take care of your own blisters, cuts and
scrapes. In the event of a real emergency, the sherpa sirdar will do
his best to get you transported quickly to a qualified physician or
an airstrip from which you may be evacuated to Kathmandu.
supplies listed here are recommended for any trek. Since some of
them are prescription drugs, you should visit your doctor and
discuss the trip with them and obtain prescriptions. If your doctor
makes recommendations contrary to the suggestions here, follow your
doctor's advice, and obtain substitutes for these items. It is not
necessary to burden yourself with a lot of medicines for the trek,
though you should carry enough to take care of minor problems. The
ones listed here are sufficient for most situations. You should be
sure to provide your supply of own aspirin, band aids, etc. If you
are taking an extended trek, you should consult Dr David Shlim's
medical chapter in Stan Armington's Trekking in the Nepal Himalaya
and equip your party to deal with possible problems and
Basic first aid
Suntan lotion or sun blocking cream
salve (Chapstick, Blistex, or Glacier Cream)
Bandaids (plasters) and tape
Moleskin or other blister pads
Elastic (Ace) bandage
Throat lozenges or cough drops
Iodine - small bottle for water purification
paper & matches or a cigarette lighter to burn used TP
Bactrim, Norbactin or other diarrhoea remedy
Your own physician
and your local Public Health Service are the best sources of
information about immunisations necessary for Nepal. The list of
recommended injections here includes immunisations usually
recommended for trekkers in Nepal. Hepatitus and Meningitis
protection is also strongly recommended. It is a good practice to
have your jabs recorded in a yellow international health
(only if you will be visiting a jungle lodge)
Meningitis Meningococcal A/C vaccin
important for the trekking above 3500m. Our trekking schedules have
been carefully designed to maximize your ability to acclimatize
safely. We ascend slowly and ensure an adequate number of rest days.
However, it is still possible for mountain sickness and your tour
leader or Sirdar will be watching for symptoms with an experienced
eye throughout the trip. These symptoms are commonly headache,
nausea, lethargy and sometime breathlessness. If you or any of the
group members display any of these symptoms he will be able to
provide informed advice and ensure a proper course of action. Your
tour leader will advise you more thoroughly regarding the altitude
and most of the problems prior to starting on trail.
Comparative Oxygen Varied Rate in Different Altitude Level
Altitude Level Oxygen Rate
8,848m/ 29,028 feet
8,000m/ 26,247 feet 36%
7,000m/ 22,966 feet 41%
19,865 feet 47%
5,500m/ 18,045 feet 50%
5,200m/ 17,061 feet
5,000m/ 16,404 feet 53%
4,500m/ 14,764 feet
4,000m/ 13,123 feet 60%
3,500m/ 11,483 feet 64%
9,843 feet 68%
2,500m/ 8,202 feet 73%
1,000m/ 3,281 feet
760mmHg (Sea Level) 100%
The above given oxygen varied
percentage rates of different altitude level provide you least of an
idea to know yourself for your trekking/climbing journey. Which is
listed from the highest point of world Mt Everest (8,848m/ 29,028
feet) top and 760mmHg standard sea level.
insurance policy should cover for helicopter evacuation, many
policies leave this out so be sure to check yours. The fee for such
an evacuation can amount to US$ 2000.00 per rescue.
First aid kit:
We provide a first aid
kit on our group treks. We suggest you bring the following
supplementary items with you:
Anti-diarrhea tablets, blister
pads, sterile plain and crepe bandages, tube of antiseptic cream,
decongestants/antihistamines, throat lozenges, paracetamol or
aspirin and personal medicines as prescribed by your
A valid permit is required for certain areas,
which we will obtain upon your arrival. We will require two working
days and two passports size photographs. Permits are not required
for the Annapurna, Everest and Langtang treks. However, conservation
fees are required for these national parks.
Disposal of rubbish:
We recommend that
each trekker have keep a small bag during the course of the trip.
Each morning a small fire is lit for burnable rubbish. Any
non-burnable or non-biodegradable rubbish should be carried back to
Katmandu and disposed appropriately.
Money and valuable securities:
carry Nepalese rupees in small bills on your trek. The amount to be
cared depends on the area and the duration of the trek. A guideline
for this will be presented during our trek briefing. Money will only
be required for the purchase of soft/hard bottled drinks and
souvenirs along the way. Other money and valuables should be kept in
a safe deposit box in your hotel in Katmandu.
The kingdom of Nepal is located between India in the south and
China in the north at Latitude 26* 22" to 30* 27" and Longitude 80*
4 " to 88 * 12" east. Crowned by eight of the world's 10 highest
mountains, Nepal compresses lush tropics and summit of Mt. Everest(
Mt. Sagarmatha), the highest peak of the planet.
The climate of the world can be find within the 120 km. range of
land in Nepal. It is another enjoyable part of the tour and trek
Consists of northern two-third dominated by the Himalayan and
mountain range, and the southern third by the Ganges plain. There
are about 240 peaks higher then 600 m Including Everest, 8850m
This is the kingdom known as the unique and cultural destination
in the tourism map of the world that combines the aesthetic and
spiritual excitement and adventure
Tropical and temperate
depending on the altitude and time of the year. The cold season
starts from October to March and is also the best time to visit the
country. The night temperature drops to freezing point while the day
temperature has a comfortable average 25-28 0 C. The sky is
generally very clear and bright; air is dry and warm. In April, May
and early June, the weather, becomes hot and stuffy, with occasional
evening thunder-`storms. Nature is in full bloom though the
landscapes are hidden in heat mist with temperature between 30-38 0
C. By end of June the monsoon arrives and lasts almost 3
Time: 5hrs. 45min. Ahead of GMT.
For treks going above 3500m we are very careful with
acclimatization to altitude. Our trekking schedules have been
carefully designed to minimize the effects. We ascend slowly and
ensure an adequate number of rest days to enable safe
acclimatization. It is still possible for mountain sickness to
occur, so a close watch is kept on each group member by the sardar,
who is trained in recognizing early symptoms of acute mountain
sickness. These Symptoms include, nausea, lethargy and in extreme
cases ataxia or loss of co-ordination and serves breathless- ness on
rest. A mild headache and breathless- ness are not uncommon at
altitude but in combination with any of these symptoms could be
dangerous. So, please make sure that you inform the sardar
immediately. It is essential at altitude that you fluid intake up
and it is important that you drink at lest 4 liters o liquid per
Your Sarder can advice you more thoroughly regarding altitude
problems. If you wish to know that more about acute mountain
sickness a pamphlet is available free from the Himalayan Rescue
Association in Kathmandu or refer to any of the trekking books in
our Recommended Reading list.
EARLY AUTUMN (September 15-15 Oct):
The monsoon ends with very bright sky. The countryside is
fresh and lush green. Khumbu, Rolwaling, Hongu Valley, Dhaulagiri,
Annapurna Regions are best at this time of the year.
(15 Oct- 20 Nov), The very
best season for treks to all parts of Nepal. Perhaps little crowded
due to high season. But the weather is climatic factor makes it the
best time to visit Nepal.
(Nov-Feb) Winter arrives in
Kathmandu by mid Nov. Low level treks within elevation of 3500m.are
best at this time of the year due to good sunny weather and very
little rain. But one should avoid crossing high passes after first
week of Dec. due to snow. Khumbu, north of Kathamndu (both Helambu
and Langtang), Pokhara valleys Trek, Ghorepani Circuit are all good
trips to be considered at this time of the year.
when we reach the month of March. Little early for crossing high
passes, but excellent time for Helambu, (not crossing Gosaikkunda
Pass) Langtang Khumbu, Pokhara Valley and Ghorepani area.
2nd HALF SPRING (April):
time to trek to Milk Danda and Makalu base camp for rhododendron and
varieties of wild flowers in full bloom. The temperature starts
getting warm and afternoon clouds and shower in most places. Low
elevation of Pokhara starts getting hotter and quite hazy day by
day, Khumhu offers excellent area for the hikes. It would be better
to fly to Lukla as the walk from Jiri can be disappointing due to
PRE-MONSOON(May & June):
two pre-monsoon months are heavy with heat and haze at lower
elevation. The trek at this time of the year should be at higher
altitude to avoid the heat. The areas that are recommendable at this
time of the year would be Khumbu (both way fly in and fly out)
Rolwaling, Hongu, Langtang with Ganja La Pass and Annapurna Circuit.